Graphene, The Revolutionary One Atom Thick Carbon Crystal
Graphene is used in the development of new technologies for energy generation, battery systems and data storage
Graphene is a one-atom thick sheet of pure carbon crystals. The atoms are arranged in a hexagonal, or honeycomb, 2-D array on a planar surface. In 2010, two University of Manchester scientists received the Nobel Prize in physics for their research into this amazing material.
Graphene should be excellent for ultra-capacitors, high-capacity batteries and sensors integrated with electronic processing. Some examples where a graphene sensor can be built directly with traditional silicon based transistors are short range radar, terahertz sensors in security systems, gas detecting chemical sensors and optical interfaces
Most recently, graphene has been used for electrodes for silicon photovoltaics in solar panel cells.
Researchers are also investigating how to create super dense data storage cells. They have experimented with fabricating a 3-D nanotube made from a layer of graphene which has been curved into a cylinder (please see related article, Limits In Data Storage , for more information).
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